OLMC Library Style Guide Years 7 - 9

At OLMC we recommend students use the Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing. The Harvard system has two parts, In-text references and End-text references.

Bibliography Years 7 – 9

In Years 7 to 9, students are expected to use end-text referencing at the end of their assignment to show all references used to prepare the work. They should construct a simple, alphabetical bibliography that includes all sources used; print, non-print and any maps, pictures, tables, graphics, cartoons, etc should also be included.

In Year 7, it is acceptable for students to present their bibliography as a table, with headings at the top of the columns identifying the type of information placed in the columns. This template shows you how to set out your bibbliography.

In Years 8 and 9 the bibliography should be presented in the standard form as a single alphabetical list of all print and non-print resources.

Print Resources

For books, the following information should be included:
  • Author – as listed on the title page

  • Date of publication – use the most recent date or the copyright date

  • Title – as listed on the title page

  • Publisher

  • Place of publication (for print resources) – use the first one listed or the one that is in Australia

Author’s surname, Initials or First name. Year of publication. Title. Publisher, Place of publication.

Book references look like this:

One author:

An example:
Fisher, Alec. 2001. Critical thinking. Cambridge University Press, Melbourne.

Two or three authors:

Include both authors’ names, list under the name of the first author listed on the title page.
An example:
Wills, T and Smith, W. 2004. Travelling by boat in Vietnam. OUP, Melbourne.

Four or more authors:

Include only the first author’s name and add “and others”
An example:
Sampson, D and others. 2010. The giant killer. Heinemann, Melbourne.

No author listed (or editor):

List under the title.
An example:
Learning for the future. 2003. SLAV, Melbourne.

Newspaper articles

Include the author (if given), title of the article, name of newspaper, the date of the edition and the page number.


Needham, Kirsty. 2011. Orphans to call Australia home. The Age, 22 Feb, p7.

No Author:

If there is no author, list under the title of the article.

Closing in on Ebola. 2009. The Age, 3 October, p18.

Non-Print Resources

For sources of information located on the internet, students should record the following information:
  • Author
  • Date of publication
  • Title
  • Web address (URL)
  • Date the site was accessed

Website references look like this:

CSIRO. 2011. CSIRO. __www.csiro.gov.au__ (11 February 2011)

Online image or clip art, sounds, video clips, podcasts should also be listed. Do not just list as Google images, you should include the title of the webpage and URL where the image is located.

An example:
Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 1997. Martian terrain. NASA. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/tiff/PIA00610.tif (2 July 2010)

CD ROM or CD references look like this:

Author (if known). Date. Title. Publisher, place.

An example:
Metallica. 1994. Fade to black. Ride the lightning. EMI, Los Angeles.